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The east exedra was later demolished and replaced with what is essentially the present façade, and this is thought to have happened under Pope Adrian I (772-95).A lost mosaic inscription recorded a restoration ordered by him, although it is unclear just how much work was done.He allegedly had two virgin daughters who were also martyred, SS Pudentiana and Praxedis (who has the nearby church of Santa Prassede dedicated to her).The existence of the daughters is historically extremely problematic; "Pudentiana" probably derives from a corruption of the original titulus name as Titulus Pudentiana or "Pudentian Title".The same three clerics apparently oversaw the conversion of the main room of the bath-house into a proper basilica.An apse was inserted into the western exedra and provided with the surviving mosaic in the last decade of the 4th century, twelve grey marble columns were pillaged from elsewhere to provide the arcades and a new entrance was made onto the present Via Urbana.

The vaulted cement roof was replaced with a wooden one, and the basins in the floor were filled in and covered.Hence the baths are also known as the Thermae Novatianae or Timothianae in the literature.The new bath-house building had two rooms; a rectangular one which was surrounded by an ambulatory, and a second, smaller one to the west which was the entrance and locker-room and is now occupied by the present Caetani chapel.The mosaic used to have an epigraph, now destroyed, which listed the three clerics and also gave a hint that the buildings in the background were actually those put up on the north side of the Vicus Patricius by the city prefect Valerius Messala at the end of the century (splendorem publicum in vico patricio).The synod of Roman clergy of 499 refers to the Titulus Pudentis.

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